## How to Calculate a Capacitance Matrix in COMSOL Multiphysics®

##### Sven Friedel June 7, 2017

Capacitance calculations in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software seem easy. If you only have two conductors, the recipe is simple: Take one conductor and set it to grounded, set the other as a terminal, and compute the solution. Then, a built-in variable delivers the capacitance. But what if you have more than two conductors, like in touchscreens, transmission lines, and capacitive sensors? If standard textbook terminology has you lost, follow along with this working example of calculating a capacitance matrix.

### How to Model the Optical Properties of Rough Surfaces

##### Walter Frei June 6, 2017

Whenever light is incident on a dielectric material, like glass, part of the light is transmitted while another part is reflected. Sometimes, we add a metal coating, such as gold, which alters the transmittance and reflectance as well as leads to some absorption of light. The dielectric surface and the metal coating also often have some random variations in height and thickness. In this blog post, we will introduce and develop a computational model for this situation.

### Computing the Band Gap in Superlattices with the Schrödinger Equation

##### Chien Liu May 31, 2017

You can use the new Schrödinger Equation interface for modeling with the Semiconductor Module in the latest release of the COMSOL® software. Let’s look at a simple example app that uses this interface to estimate the electron and hole ground state energy levels for a superlattice structure. By building apps like this one, device engineers are able to calculate the band gap for a given periodic structure and adjust the design parameters until a desired band gap value is achieved.

### Efficiently Optimizing Solar Dish Receiver Designs

##### Caty Fairclough May 29, 2017

When designing a solar dish receiver, you may need to rerun your simulation multiple times to find an optimized design iteration. To save time, you can build an app that enables you to rapidly test different geometries and more easily create improved designs. Let’s explore a new simulation app in COMSOL Multiphysics® version 5.3, the Solar Dish Receiver Designer, which you can use as inspiration for building apps of your own.

### How to Analyze Eigenfrequencies That Change with Temperature

##### Henrik Sönnerlind May 22, 2017

In some applications, particularly within the MEMS field, it is important to study the sensitivity of a device’s eigenfrequencies with respect to a variation in temperature. In this blog post, we show how to do this using COMSOL Multiphysics® version 5.3. We also explore effects like stress softening, geometric changes, and the temperature dependence of material properties.

### Analyzing the Structural Integrity of an Induction Motor with Simulation

##### Caty Fairclough May 11, 2017

In the 1800s, two scientists — Nikola Tesla and Galileo Ferraris — separately invented their own versions of AC induction motors. Such AC motors turned out to be reliable alternatives to the DC motors that were popular at the time. To accurately study induction motors, we must account for the multiple physics that occur. As today’s example illustrates, we can include the electromechanical effects using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

### Capturing Eddy Current Losses in a Permanent Magnet Motor Design

##### Bridget Cunningham May 4, 2017

Permanent magnet motors are useful in various high-end applications, but they come with design limitations. One example is their sensitivity to high temperatures, which can result from heat losses generated by currents — specifically, eddy currents. Version 5.3 of the COMSOL® software includes functionality to capture eddy current losses in the permanent magnets of such motors. Engineers can use these results to better understand the full behavior of permanent magnet motors and identify ways to optimize their performance.

### How to Use the New Ray Termination Feature for Geometrical Optics

##### Christopher Boucher May 2, 2017

The release of version 5.3 of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software includes a new Ray Termination feature to simplify the setup and results analysis for optical simulations with the Ray Optics Module. Use the Ray Termination feature to remove rays that are no longer relevant to the solution, either because they have escaped from the geometry or their intensity is negligibly small. In this blog post, we’ll learn how to use this feature and see how it simplifies ray optics simulation.

### Faraday Cages Say ‘Do Not Pass’ to Electromagnetic Waves

##### Brianne Costa May 1, 2017

We thrive on the ability to stay constantly connected to the rest of the world through technology. But there are times when our devices hold us back, distracting us when we should be working on an important project or connecting with friends over dinner. Fortunately, a device that was first theorized over 200 years ago — the Faraday cage — offers a way to take ourselves offline, if only for a little while.

### Analyzing a Silicon Solar Cell Design with the Semiconductor Module

##### Caty Fairclough April 27, 2017

When analyzing semiconductor devices, it is important to account for the multiple physics affecting their performance. The Semiconductor Module — an add-on product to the COMSOL Multiphysics® software — can help you model these complex devices. In this blog post, we discuss a new tutorial model of a 1D silicon solar cell, which is available with the latest release of the COMSOL® software, version 5.3.

### A Multilevel Approach to Modeling Planar Discharge in CO2 Lasers

##### Bridget Cunningham April 24, 2017

Due to the complex pumping scheme of high-power CO2 lasers, there are many species and collisions to consider in their analysis. This makes modeling plasma behavior in these devices — a key element in their optimization — a challenging task. Applying a multilevel approach, one researcher used the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to create a full 3D model of planar discharge in a CO2 laser. The results showcase the homogeneity of the discharge while offering further potential for optimizing laser designs.

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