The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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A Geoelectrical Forward Problem

The classical forward problem of geoelectrics (includes electrical resistivity tomography, ERT and earlier techniques as vertical electric sounding, VES) is the calculation of potentials at a given set of electrodes (M,N) while current is injected at other electrodes (A,B) into the ground. Typically the physical domain (earth) is unbounded to the sides and the bottom because of which one needs ...

Magnetically Permeable Sphere in a Static Magnetic Field

A sphere of relative permeability greater than unity is exposed to a spatially uniform static background magnetic field. Two formulations are used to solve this problem, and the differences between these are discussed. The field strength inside the sphere is computed and compared against the analytic solution.

Cable Tutorial Series

In this set of six tutorial models and associated documentation, you can investigate the capacitive, inductive, and thermal properties of a standard three-core lead-sheathed cross-linked polyethylene, high-voltage alternating current (XLPE HVAC) submarine cable (500 mm{:sup}2{:/sup}, 220 kV). The series is intended both for experts looking to get up to speed on how to model such applications in ...

An RFID System

RFIDs are used in a multitude of applications such as tracking or identifying consumer products and their packaging. An RFID system consists of two main parts: A tag or transponder with a printed circuit-board (PCB) antenna A reader unit with a larger RF antennaThe reader antenna generates an electromagnetic field that energizes a chip (IC-circuit) inside the tag. The electromagnetic field ...

External Material, AC/DC Module, General HB/BH relation

The AC/DC magnetic interfaces now support material models defined in external C code. A new way to specify user-defined material models is included in COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2. You can now access external material functions, written in C code, which have been compiled into a shared library. By writing a wrapper function in C code, you can also use material functions written in another ...

Iron Sphere in a 60 Hz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is low enough such that the skin depth is larger than the radius of the sphere. A reduced field formulation is used to impose the background field. Two approaches for solving this problem are shown. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the ...

Permanent Magnet Motor in 3D

Permanent magnet (PM) motors are used in many high-end applications, such as in electric and hybrid vehicles. An important design limitation is that the magnets are sensitive to high temperatures, which can occur through heat losses caused by currents, particularly eddy currents. In this tutorial, an 18-pole PM motor is modeled in 3D to accurately capture eddy current losses in the magnets. ...

Electric Shielding Comparison

The electric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of highly conductive material that provides an additional current path tangential to a boundary. This example compares the electric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Optimizing Coils

Several different approaches to optimizing a ten-turn axisymmetric coil are presented. First, the current in each turn is adjusted with the objective of having a uniform magnetic flux density along the centerline. Second, the currents are adjusted to minimize power dissipation with a constraint on field minimum at a point. Third, the currents are adjusted to minimize the gradient in the ...

Tubular Permanent Magnet Generator

This tutorial example shows how to model the tubular permanent magnet generator in 2D-axisymmetry. The generator consists of a modular stationary stator and moving/oscillating slider. The stator is made of three-phase multi-turn windings and iron core. The slider is made of permanent magnets and iron spacers. The open circuit voltage in the three-phase stator windings due to the periodic motion ...