# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Acoustic Cloaking

Two articles in the New Journal of Physics describe how to derive necessary conditions on an anisotropic density tensor to create a perfect acoustic cloak in 2D, and show how this material can be realized in practice as a layered shell with isotropic properties in each layer. These two example files illustrate simplest possible implementations using both anisotropic density and the layered ...

### Lumped Loudspeaker Driver

This is a model of a moving-coil loudspeaker where a lumped parameter analogy represents the behavior of the electrical and mechanical speaker components. The Thiele-Small parameters (small-signal parameters) serve as input to the lumped model, which is represented by an Electric Circuit physics. The lumped model is coupled to a 2D axisymmetric Pressure Acoustics model describing the ...

### Hollow Cylinder

Fluid acoustics coupled to structural objects, such as membranes or plates, represents an important application area in many engineering fields. Some examples are: • Loudspeakers • Acoustic sensors • Nondestructive impedance testing • Medical ultrasound diagnostics This model provides a general demonstration of an acoustic fluid phenomenon in 3D coupled to a solid object. In this ...

### Vibrating Plate in a 2D Viscous Parallel Plate Flow

This is a small 2D demonstration model that couples the linearized Navier-Stokes Frequency Domain, the Solid Mechanics, and the Creeping Flow physics interfaces to model the vibrations of a plate located in a 2D viscous parallel plate flow. This type of model is used to model fluid structure interaction (FSI) in the frequency domain. For simplicity the flow is assumed to be a Creeping flow. ...

### Focused Ultrasound Induced Heating in Tissue Phantom

This model example shows how to model tissue heating induced by focused ultrasound. First, the stationary acoustic field in the water and the tissue are modeled to obtain the acoustic intensity distribution in the tissue. The absorbed acoustic energy is then calculated and used as the heat source for a Bioheat Transfer physics in the tissue domain in a time-dependent study simulating the ...

### Sedan Interior Acoustics

This is a model of the acoustics inside a sedan, that is inside a typical hard-top family car. The model sets up sources at loudspeaker locations as well as impedance conditions to model soft absorbing surfaces (seats and carpet). The model results in plots of the pressure, sound pressure level, and intensity inside the car. The frequency response at given points inside the cabin are also ...

### Acoustic Streaming in a Microchannel Cross Section

Recent advances in the fabrication of microfluidic systems require handling of live cells and other micro particles as well as mixing. All this can, for example, be achieved using acoustic radiation forces and the viscous drag from the streaming flow. Streaming: Due to the nonlinear terms in the Navier-Stokes equations, harmonic perturbation of the flow will lead to a net time-averaged flow ...

### Acoustic Reflections off a Water-Sediment Interface

This model determines the reflection coefficient of plane acoustic waves, at different frequencies and at different angles of incidence, off a water-sediment interface. The ability of the Poroelasitc Waves interface to model the coupled acoustic and elastic wave in any porous substance (Biot's theory) is used to describe the water-sediment system. The model results are in good agreement with ...

### One-Family House Acoustics

This model shows an application of the Acoustic Diffusion Equation physics interface. The acoustics in a two story one-family house consisting of 10 rooms is analyzed. The steady state sound pressure level (acoustic energy density) distribution is analyzed for a sound source located in the main living room. The reverberation time T60 of the different coupled rooms is then studied using the ...

### Muffler with Perforates

Reflective mufflers are best suited for the low frequency range where only plane waves can propagate in the system, while dissipative mufflers with fibers are efficient in the mid-to-high frequency range. Dissipative mufflers based on flow losses, on the other hand, work also at low frequencies. A typical automotive exhaust system is a hybrid construction consisting of a combination of ...

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