# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Absorptive Muffler with Shells

This model describes the pressure wave propagation in a muffler for an internal combustion engine. The purpose of the model is to show how to analyze both inductive and resistive damping in pressure acoustics as well as coupling the fluid to the surrounding elastic shell structure of the muffler. Finally, the eigenmodes of a pure structural problem is analyzed and the modes compared to peaks ...

### Thermal Fatigue of a Surface Mount Resistor

A surface mount resistor is subjected to thermal cycling. The difference in the thermal expansion of different materials will introduce stresses in the structure. The solder which connects the resistor with the printed circuit board is seen as the weakest link in the assembly. It responds nonlinearly to changes in both temperature and time. In order to ensure the structural integrity of the ...

### Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the *Magnetic Fields*, *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics interfaces.

### Transmission Line Butler Matrix Beamforming Network

A Butler matrix is a passive beamforming feed network. It is a cost-effective feed network for phased array antennas because the circuit can be fabricated in the form of microstrip lines and is a viable solution for performing beam scanning without deploying expensive active devices. This example shows how to design such a circuit using the *Transmission Line* interface. The results show the ...

### Thick Plate Stress Analysis

A benchmark model where a thick plate exposed to pressure on the top surface is analyzed. The solution is compared with a NAFEMS benchmark solution.

### Shell Conduction

This model simulates a static analysis of heat conduction in a thin conductive shell. This is a benchmark model where the result is compared with a NAFEMS benchmark solution.

### Optimizing Band Dispersion in an Electroosmotic Flow Through a Curved Microchannel

This model studies the dispersion of neutral species band through curved microchannel in an Electroosmotic flow (EOF) . Using Optimization module, geometric optimization is carried out to minimize the curve-induced dispersion.The central idea is to parametrically represent the geometry by Bézier curves and these geometric parameters are further treated as optimization parameters in the ...

### MEMS Pressure Sensor Drift Due to Hygroscopic Swelling

For their integration in microelectronic circuits, MEMS devices are bonded on printed circuit boards and connected with other devices. Then, the whole circuit is often covered with an epoxy mold compound (EMC) to protect the devices and their interconnects with the board. The epoxy polymers used for such applications are subject to moisture absorption and hygroscopic swelling, which can lead to ...

### Sub-Component Lumping in Acoustics Using the Impedance Boundary Condition

This application illustrates a modeling approach for deriving physically consistent simplified models in the Acoustics Module. The approach consists of converting complex sub-components to an impedance boundary condition and otherwise using simple acoustics throughout the COMSOL model. As a consequence, significant computational speed-up can be achieved. The example treated here consists of a ...

### Homogenization in a Chemical Reactor

This model illustrates how to simulate a periodic homogenization process in a space dependent chemical reactor model. This homogenization removes concentration gradients in the reactor at a set time interval. The model demonstrates a technique by which you can first stop the time-dependent solver, then restart it with an initial value obtained based on the solution.

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