# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Sierpinski Fractal Monopole Antenna

A fractal is a mathematical form showing self-repeating patterns. By virtue of its geometrical properties, a fractal structure can generate multiple resonances in RF applications. This antenna model uses a 3rd order Sierpinski triangle and the calculated S-parameters shows good input matching at the higher order resonances.

### Polarized Circular Ports

This model of a circular waveguide demonstrates how to use ports with numerical solution of the port modes. It illustrates how to align the polarization of degenerate port modes and in particular how to model and excite the TE11 mode of circular waveguides in 3D.

### Parabolic Reflector Antenna

A large reflector can be modeled easily with the 2D axisymmetric formulation. In this model, the radius of the reflector is greater than 20 wavelengths and the reflector is illuminated by an axial feed circular horn antenna. The simulated far-field shows a high-gain sharp beam pattern

### Log-Periodic Antenna

The shape of a log-periodic antenna resembles that of a Yagi-Uda antenna, but is composed of a coplanar array to achieve a wider bandwidth. It is also known as a wideband or frequency-independent antenna. All metallic parts are modeled using the perfect electric conductor (PEC) boundary conditions. The antenna is excited by a lumped port while a lumped element with a resistor is used to ...

### Characteristic Parameters of a Coaxial Cable

Electrical cables, also called transmission lines, are used everywhere in the modern world to transmit both power and data. These cables carry electromagnetic energy, but instead of dealing with the full complexity of the electromagnetic fields, they are more commonly classified according to parameters such as capacitance, inductance, and impedance. In this model of a coaxial cable, we ...

### Time-to-Frequency Fast Fourier Transform of a Coaxial Low-Pass Filter

A very wide band coaxial low-pass filter is designed using a 2D axisymmetric model. To address the wide band frequency response with a fine frequency resolution, the model is built with a transient physics interface first. Then, S-parameters are calculated using a time-to-frequency Fourier transform. To achieve a low-pass frequency response, an air-filled coaxial cable is tuned with five ...

### Rat-Race Coupler

A 180° Ring Hybrid (Rat-Race Coupler) is a four-port network with 180° phase difference between two ports. It is cheaper to manufacture this type of microstrip line component compared to a wave guide 180° hybrid junction, so called magic-T. The objective of this model is to compute the S-parameters and to observe the matching, isolation, and coupling around the operating frequency.

### Hexagonal Grating (RF)

A plane wave is incident on a reflecting hexagonal grating. The grating cell consists of a protruding semisphere. The scattering coefficients for the different diffraction orders are calculated for a few different wavelengths.

### Branch-Line Coupler

A Branch Line Coupler (Quadrature 90° Hybrid) is a four-port network device with a 90° phase difference between two coupled ports. The device can be used for a single antenna Transmitter/Receiver system or an I/Q signal splitter/combiner. The objective of this model is to compute the S-parameters and to observe the matching, isolation, and coupling around the operating frequency.

### Circular Waveguide Filter

A circular waveguide filter is designed using a 2D axisymmetric model. Six annular rings added to the waveguide form circular cavities connected in series, and each cavity cutoff frequency is close to the center frequency of the filter. The simulated S-parameters show a bandpass frequency response.

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