Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
N. Kleinknecht, and S. A. Halvorsen
In many metallurgical processes metals are (heated and) stirred by an oscillating external magnetic field. The magnetic field induces electric currents in the metal and the currents interact with the magnetic field to create a force, the Lorentz force. For high frequencies induction only takes place in an electromagnetic boundary layer due to the skin effect and the force is confined within this ...
I. Quintana, Z. Azpilgain, D. Pardo, and I. Hurtado
Mechanical and Industrial Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mondragon Unibertsitatea, Loramendi 4, Mondragon 20500 Gipuzkoa, Spain
Department of Applied Mathematics, Statistics, and Operational Research, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain, and IKERBASQUE (Basque Foundation for Sciences), Bilbao, Spain
This paper describes a numerical solution method for the simulation of a cold crucible induction melting (CCIM) process involving the coupling of electromagnetic, temperature and turbulent velocity fields. During the CCIM process, the metal charge is contained on a water cooled segmented copper crucible, and the energy necessary to heat, melt, and overheat the charge is generated by an ...
A.Buchau, and W. M. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik
The simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to the numerical com-putation of the magnetic fields of a three-phase transformer. A three-dimensional model of the geometrical configuration is created with the help of the CAD tools of COMSOL Multiphysics. There, all dimensions of the transformer are defined by parameters. The creation of an optimal finite element mesh is improved by some ...
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
Heat and mass transfer through a gypsum board exposed to fire is simulated and compared to experimental data. The gypsum board is modeled as a porous medium with moist air in the pores. A dehydration front develops at the fire side and travels through the board, consuming energy and releasing water vapor. The vapor migrates through the porous medium by convection and diffusion, and condenses in ...
I. Bogdanov, J. Kpahou, and A. Kamp
Open and Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil (CHLOE)
University of Pau
Direct numerical simulation of single- and two-phase flow in real pore systems is addressed in our paper. The X–ray computed micro-tomography technique has been applied first to reconstruct in details a real pore space of a subcentimetric sample. Making use of dedicated software (ScanIP) the generated porous medium images has been processed to build a 3D pore space geometry. Finally, based on ...
G. E. Stebner, and C. Hartwig
Even though the researches in synchronous machines are advanced, the practical design still is a problem because of the complex interaction between several design parameters. The project “EaSync” at the Ostfalia University focuses on the bundling of machine models using COMSOL Multiphysics® to create a semi-automatic engineering process. The project is based on student research projects and a ...
I. Dirba, and J. Kleperis
Institute of Solid State Physics of University of Latvia
A simple magnetic circuit consisting of ferromagnetic core material, air gap, permanent magnets and current coils can be used to form magnetic actuators, motors etc. devices. In this work the current coils are not used to generate working magnetic field, but just to switch magnetic flux created by permanent magnets in necessary direction. Analytical and numerical (Finite Element Model, ...
B. Chinè , and M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy and Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Modeling and simulation softwares are very useful tools when we have to analyse and understand the different phenomena occurring during metal foams processing, because several simultaneous physical mechanisms have to be accounted for. In this work we use Comsol Multiphysics 4.2 to model a spherical hydrogen gas bubble expanding in aluminium liquid, initially at rest. The aim of the present ...
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, S. F. Jahn, and A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology
The principle of electrochemical machining (ECM) is the anodic dissolution of a metallic workpiece at the interface to a liquid ionic conductor under the influence of electric charge transport. This erosion principle works independently from the mechanical hardness of the workpiece and is free of mechanical forces. The design of electrochemical machining processes is still performed ...