Y. Wang, D. Uwe Sauer
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...
M.H. Babaei, T. Dabros, S.B. Savage
Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...
F. Mansilla, L. Voisin 
Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...
M. Jain, A. Rao, K. Nandakumar
Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...
E. Tempfli, F.P. Schmidt
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany
The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose ...
AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis for Trapping Spherical Particles between Rectangular and Triangular Electrodes
S. Narayan, H. Francis, S. Ghonge, D.N. Prasad, A. Sethi, S. Banerjee, S. Kapur
Department of Physics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Department of Biological Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
We describe methods and results of simulations done for predicting behavior of particles in an aqueous solution under an applied AC electric field on electrodes of rectangular and triangular shapes. Here the two major effects which come into play are Dielectrophoresis and AC Electroosmosis. Two simulations have been presented, one for rectangular and one for triangular shaped electrodes. We have ...
B. Castro-Dominguez, R. Ma, A. G. Dixon, Y. H. Ma
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...
University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...
Study of the Process, Design, and Operating Parameters Effect on the Efficiency of the Process Mill - new
A. K. Farouk
Department of Mathematics & Natural Science, University of Stavanger, Sandnes, Rogaland, Norway
This study is to investigate the velocity pattern and the velocity magnitude of the cuttings that is being processed in the process mill as a result of the rotating hammers. The process mill consists of a horizontal cylindrical shell equipped with renewable liners and rotating hammers for milling of drill cuttings. An F.E model of the process mill was constructed using dimensions similar to ...
S. Denys, S. Verbruggen, S. Lenaerts
Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light . A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...