Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Oxidation of Titanium Particles during Cold Gas Dynamic Spraying

A. Malachowska[1], L. Pawlowski [1], A. Ambroziak [2], M. Winnicki [2], P. Sokolowski[2]
[1]University of Limoges, Limoges, France
[2]Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland

This paper studies oxide forming on titanium, during cold gas dynamic spraying with air. This is a quite new spraying method, which can be used to spray material having high affinity for oxygen. The model allows for the diffusion of oxygen through the oxide layer, reaction on the oxide-titanium interface and expansion of oxide, due to difference in molar density. It was implemented in COMSOL ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the ...

Modelling Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal Systems

G. Perillo[1], G. De Natale[2], M.G. Di Giuseppe[2], A. Troiano[2], C. Troise[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Italy
[2]INGV - Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Fluid injection in deep wells is a basic procedure in geothermal permeability enhancement. The retrieved changes of Pressure and Temperature are subsequently considered as sources of incremental stress and strain changes, using the elastic model from COMSOL Multiphysics®, which are then converted to Coulomb stress changes on favoured faults, taking into account also the background regional ...

Sound Field Analysis of Monumental Structures by the Application of Diffusion Equation Model - new

Z. S. Gul[1], N. Xiang[2], M. Caliskan[3]
[1]Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
[2]School of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

Sound energy distribution patterns within enclosed spaces are the basic concerns of architectural acoustics. Energy decays are analyzed for major acoustical parameter estimations, while spatial energy distribution and flow vectors are indicative in the analysis of sound energy circulation and concentration zones. In this study the acoustical field of a real-size multi-domed monumental ...

Development of a Thermo-Hydro-Geochemical Model for Low-Temperature Geoexchange Applications

F. Eppner [1], P. Pasquier [1], P. Baudron [1],
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

Standing column wells (SCW) are open-loop geoexchange systems used to provide space heating and cooling to buildings. As they use groundwater as heat carrier fluid and modify its thermo-chemical conditions along the year, they may favor calcite dissolution and precipitation, thus increasing maintenance costs. In order to predict the thermo-hydro-chemical (THC) processes occurring in a SCW and ...

Simulation of Heating Sol-Gel Thin Film By Laser Pulse Train

J. Zhang[1], Y. Mizuyama[1], W. Xiong[2], Y. Zhou [2], and Y. Lu[2]
[1]Panasonic Boston Laboratory, Newton, MA, USA
[2]University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Simulation of laser pulse-train (25ns, 60 kHz and 3000 pulses) heating Sol-Gel thin film using COMSOL Multiphysics software is investigated. The results show two kinds of temperatures formed on film surface by laser pulse-train heating. One is a single pulse induced transient peak-temperature, which is up to ~1635oC on both Si and glass substrates. The other is the accumulated ...

Numerical Study of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene in a 100-dm3-reactor

F. Ferrero[1], M. Kluge[1], R. Zeps[1], T. Spoormaker[2]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
[2]Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a 100-dm3 ...

3D Multiphysics Modeling of Bulk High-Temperature Superconductors for Use as Trapped Field Magnets - new

M. Ainslie[1], J. Zou[1], D. Hu[1], D. Cardwell[1]
[1]Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

The authors are currently investigating the use of bulk high temperature superconductors as trapped field magnets (TFMs) in order to increase the electrical and magnetic loading of an axial gap, trapped flux-type superconducting electric machine. In electric machines, the use of superconducting materials can lead to increases in efficiency, as well as power density, which results in reductions ...

Development of a Thermal Model Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. Oukaira [1], A. Lakhssassi [1],
[1] Department of Computer Science, Université du Québec en Outaouais à Hull, Gatineau, QC, Canada

The Purpose of this paper is to develop a thermal model using COMSOL Multiphysics® software that aims to get an idea of the heat flow around the ASIC, as well as to address the thermal issues for integrated circuits at the tongue board. However, we need sources of heat simulations to map the tab to establish its thermal mapping. This led us to perform simulations at each ASIC of the tab that ...

Study of AC Electrothermal Phenomena Models

S. Loire, and P. Kauffmann
University of California
Santa Barbara, CA

Recently, electrokinetic flows have raised the interest of the scientific community. Driving flow with an electric field leads to promising applications for mixing, concentration, pumping application in lab on chips. However, current models are still inaccurate and don\'t fit the measures. The simple decoupled model developed by Ramos et al does not predict velocities for all parameters. ...