Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigation Of Bone Marrow Stem Cells In The Bone Marrow Niche In An In Vitro System

P. Lezuo, M. Stoddart, and M. Alini
AO Research Institute, Davos, Grison, Switzerland

We aim to develop an in vitro culture system to mimic the human bone marrow stem cell niche in an artificial perfusion bioreactor environment to culture human adult stem cells. State of the art human bone marrow stem cell research shows that even smallest changes in the physical, thermo dynamical or biochemical environment induce a differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells into other cell ...

3D Model for the Dynamic Simulation of SOFC Cathodes

A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Karlsruhe, Germany

A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...

Modelling and Simulation of Simultaneous Intrinsic Kinetics, Hydrogen Transport and Heat Transfer in Complex Hydride Hydrogen Storage Systems

G. A. Lozano, J. M. Bellosta von Colbe, T. Klassen, and M. Dornheim
Institute of Materials Research
Materials Technology
Helmholzt-Zentrum Geesthacht
Geesthacht, Germany

In proper designs of hydrogen storage systems based on metal hydrides three processes are modelled and simulated: hydrogen flow (through the metal hydride bed), solid-state chemical transformation, and heat transfer (due to the highly exothermic chemical transformation). In this work, modelling and simulation of the hydrogenation in complex hydride tanks is performed using COMSOL, case study is ...

The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Electro-Optic Devices

J. Toney
Srico, Inc.
Columbus, OH

Designers of electro-optic modulators and related devices often use separate tools to study the optical and electrical portions of the device. The flexibility of COMSOL Multiphysics makes it possible to construct unified models of EO phenomena including realistic waveguide profiles and anisotropic material properties. We demonstrate the use of the RF Module to compute both RF and optical ...

Electrophoresis and Electroosmosis in the Intracellular Transport of Macromolecules

V. Andreev
University of Miami
Miami, FL

Electric fields are present in biological systems at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Electroosmotic flow results from the action of electric field on the electrical double layer, formed at the fluid/solid or fluid/membrane interface and characterized by its zeta-potential. For the physiological value of zeta-potential (50 mV) and a single charged protein of average size, electroosmotic ...

µHeater on a Buckled Cantilever Plate for Gas Sensor Applications

A. Arpys Arevalo Carreno[1], E. Byas[1], I.G. Foulds[1]
[1]King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

In semiconductor gas sensors, the base of the gas detection is the interaction of the gaseous species at the surface of the semiconducting sensitive material. Since the chemical reactions at the surface of the sensor material are functions of temperature. We simulate our µHeater design on a Buckled Cantilever Plate (BCP). Such structure allows the sensor to be suspended for thermal insulation. ...

Ventilation System of a Microwave Assisted Drying Kiln

A.-G. Ghiaus[1], M.-A. Istrate[1], A. Georgescu[1]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania

The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...

Optimized Cantilever-to-Anchor Configurations of Buckled Cantilever Plate Structures for Transducer Applications

A. Arpys Arevalo Carreno[1], D. Conchouso Gonzalez[1], I.G. Foulds[1]
[1]King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

The mechanical simulation and analysis of the cantilever-to-anchor configuration for an out-of-plane structure used in transducer applications is reported. The polymer-based Buckled Cantilever Plate “BCP” structure, gives the ability to orient an active device from a horizontal to a vertical position, once assembled. In this paper we compare four different cantilever-to-anchor configurations: ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Super Resolution Analysis of a Spherical Geodesic Waveguide Suitable for Manufacturing

H. Ahmadpanahi[1], D. Grabovi?ki?[1], J.C. González[1], P. Benítez[1], J.C. Miñano[1]
[1]Cedint Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Recently it has been proved theoretically (Miñano et al, 2011) that the super-resolution up to ? /500 can be achieved using an ideal metallic Spherical Geodesic Waveguide (SGW). This SGW is as a theoretical design, in which the conductive walls are considered to be lossless conductors with zero thickness. In this paper, we study some key parameters that might influence the super resolution ...

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