M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, M. Penzel, P. Plänitz, A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany
Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...
Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale - new
D. Götz, M. Kuhn, P. Claus
Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany
Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin andKul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst and ...
Modelling of Reactive Non-Isothermal Mixture Flow and its Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new
V. Orava[1,2], O. Soucek, P. Cedula
Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland
I introduce a model of fluidized reactor which, in presence of heterogeneous platinum-based catalyst, decomposes liquid formic acid producing gaseous mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen as the product. I treat the physical system as a (Class II) mixture of four constituents - namely formic acid (FA), Platinum micro-pellets (Pt), carbon dioxide (CO_2) and hydrogen (H_2) - which can be, without ...
E. Robalinho , E. F. Cunha , M. Linardi , E. I. Santiago ,
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The idea of a friendly implementation of a mathematical formulation using specialist software was performed with the support of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with Chemical Reaction Engineering and Batteries & Fuel Cell Modules. The real problem of a Proton Exchange Membrane – PEM fuel cell modeling involves different scales, multiple variables and processes, coupling of solvers and experimental ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...
T. J. Kazdal , M. J. Hampe ,
 Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...
R. Busqué , R. Torres , A. Husar , J. Grau 
 Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain
The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...
J. Schillings , O. Doche , J. Deseure ,
 LEPMI, Grenoble, France
 SIMAP, Grenoble, France
The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...
M.K. Ghantasala, B.O. Asimba, A. Khaminwa, K.J. Suthar, D.C. Mancini
Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
The understanding of pH-sensitive hydrogel swelling response in different buffer environmental condition is essential for its use in different practical applications. This necessitates its simulation in steady state and transient conditions. This paper mainly deals with the details of the numerical simulation performed by developing coupled formulation of chemo-electro-mechanical behavior of ...