Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)
P. Trinchero, M. Luna, J. Molinero, G. Román-Ross, F. Maia, A. Nardi, J. Löfman, P. Pitkänen, L. Koskinen
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
VTT Energy, Finland
Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland
Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...
L. Wright, G. Memoli, P. Jones, E. Stride
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
University College London, London, UK
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...
S. Chaudhuri , W. Du ,
 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
Predicting and controlling the formation of droplets from a liquid jet is a critical problem in a variety of applications ranging from fuel injection to paint sprays. It is known that liquid droplets subjected to an electric field acquire a net electrostatic charge via induction, and that the magnitude of this charge depends on the conductivity of the liquid and the size of the droplet . When ...
CSIRO, Energy Technology, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
In this study the flow through a tube filled with highly porous aluminium foam of three different pore sizes is analysed using COMSOL Multiphysics® CFD Module and compared to experimentally determined pressure drop data. Analyzing the flow through an array of pores allow the deduction of characteristic flow parameters (permeability and form drag coefficient) that are utilized in a 2D ...
S. Kulkarni , V. Juvekar ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
The extensional flow of viscoelastic flow is encountered during fibre spinning processes. A variety of polymers such as polyesters, polyacrylonitrile, rayon, acrylic, spandex etc are manufactured using this process. In the spinning process, polymer melt/ solution is extruded in the form of jet, through a porous plate called spinneret, into a bath having a suitable environment which allows ...
G. Jovonavic, J. Jones, and A. Yokochi
School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected ...
Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new
K. Cluff, H. Mehraein, G. Jayakumar
Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...
H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability effects demands pore-level investigations which are still limited. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® software ...
O. Chellaï , S. Alberti , I. Furno , T. Goodman , M. Baquero 
 Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Suisse
In magnetically confined fusion devices, electron cyclotron resonance heating (80-170 GHz) is characterized by a local RF-power deposition at the electron cyclotron resonance . A mm-wave RF Gaussian beam is launched from a dedicated antenna and propagates through the highly turbulent scrape-off layer (SOL) at the edge of the confined plasma. Turbulence in the SOL is characterized by ...