B. Chinè, F. Concha, M. Meneses G.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
School of Production Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Hydrocyclones are industrial devices used as processing units in fluid and particle technology. A hydrocyclone is an apparatus consisting of a cylindrical or a cylindrical-conical body with a tangential or involute entrance to admit the fluid inside. There are also two opposite exits, the top exit which is the vortex finder and the bottom exit called apex. Fig. 1 shows the schematic of a widely ...
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
A device for monitoring the oxygen consumption of cells has been developed, which consists of two parts; a cell culturing platform (CCP) and an oxygen sensing chip. The CCP possesses inlet and outlet pipes to direct the fluid under the test to the cell culturing chamber through the inlet pipe and goes out of the outlet pipe after being partially consumed by the cells. In this abstract, the ...
E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...
Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL
M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...
A Theoretical Model for the Control of Color Degradation and Microbial Spoilage Occurring in Food Convective Drying
S. Curcio, M. Aversa
University of Calabria, Department of Engineering Modeling, Rende, Cosenza, Italy
The aim of this work was the development of a predictive model aimed at identifying a proper control strategy of food drying process. In particular, it was intended to determine the effect of operating conditions both on the color degradation, chosen as a reference quality parameter, and on the microbial spoilage occurring during potatoes drying. A transport model, accounting for the ...
D. Yuryev, M. Demkowicz 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
We describe simulations performed in COMSOL Multiphysics® of the precipitation of helium (He) on solid-state interfaces. The non-uniform precipitation of He at certain interfaces is a result of a heterogeneous energy distribution in the interface plane: He wets high interface energy (“heliophilic”) regions but does not wet low interface energy (“heliophobic”) ones. Using a phase-field model, ...
COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction
M.K. Gobbert, A. Churchill, G. Wang, and T.I. Seidman
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...
L. Murtomäki, T. Kainuvaara
University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Drug therapy of the posterior segment of an eye is very challenging due to the difficult accessibility. Modern drugs often are large molecules, such as peptides, antibodies or oligonucleotides which are administrated, e.g. by intravitreous injections which requires clinical conditions. Computer modeling can be helpful in designing new and less invasive routes of drug administration. COMSOL is ...
C. Wylock, S. Goffin, M. Aubinet, B. Longdoz, B. Haut
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France
The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...