M. Yang, A. Young, and B. Crittenden
Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
S. Kadam, T. Gulati, A. Datta
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...
A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands
Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...
Modeling Of A Strongly Coupled Thermal, Hydraulic And Chemical Problem: Drying And Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Wood Waste Particles In A Moving Bed Reactor
J. Govaerts, and L. Helsen
SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Performance Assessment Unit, Mol, Belgium
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
Low temperature thermal carbonisation might be the ultimate solution to the growing disposal problem of CopperChromeArsenic-treated waste wood. This energy and material recuperating technology is currently in the process of upscaling to an industrial level. In the present study, a numerical model is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics that allows to investigate the temperature profiles, gas ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
S.F. Neves, J.J.B.L.M. Campos, T.S. Mayor
CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...
Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
P. N. Ciesielski , D. Robichaud , B. Donohoe , M. Nimlos ,
 Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
 National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...
A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy
In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...